Manchester History


There is evidence of Bronze Age activity in the form of burial sites. The Roman fort of Mamucium was established AD 79 near a crossing point on the River Medlock.

Manchester became a market town in 1301 when it received its Charter. In the 14th century it was home to a community of Flemish weavers, who settled in the town to produce wool and linen, thus beginning the tradition of cloth manufacture. By the sixteenth century the wool trade had made Manchester a flourishing market town and it remained a small market town until the late 18th century, and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. 

In the 19th century, championed by local industrialist Daniel Adamson, the Manchester Ship Canal was built as a way to reverse the lack of trade due to Liverpool. It gave the city direct access to the sea allowing it to export its manufactured goods directly. When completed in 1894 it allowed Manchester to become Britain's third busiest port, despite being 40 miles inland.

In the Second World War Manchester played a key role as an industrial manufacturing city, the Avro aircraft factory built aircraft for the RAF, the most famous being the Avro Lancaster bomber. As a consequence of its war efforts the city suffered heavily from bombing during The Blitz in 1940 to 1941.